1853 – 1895 Cuban Author, Poet, Essayist, Activist, Lawyer, Journalist
José Marti was born in Havana at a time when the island was a Spanish colony. He was converted at an early age to the cause of Cuban independence and was imprisoned for his agitation at the age of 16. Exiled a year later, initially to Spain, he travelled extensively, living for a long time in New York City. He championed the cause of independence, organizing , lecturing, writing and editing numerous publications. He returned to Cuba to participate in an abortive revolution in 1895 and was killed in battle. Marti is perhaps best known in the English-speaking world for one of his poems; set to a folk tune after his death, Guantanamera was enormously popular on both sides of the Atlantic. He is considered one of the most prolific, influential writers in Latin American literature.
Armonia Lodge, Spain
“One just principle from the depths of a cave is more powerful than an army.”