Benjamin Franklin

1706 – 1790   Journalist, Inventor, Civic Leader, Scientist, Politician

Franklin, a Quaker, was born in Boston and trained as a printer.  He moved around in his youth, eventually settling in Philadelphia.  He established a number of newspapers, one of the first North American insurance companies, the city’s first public library, a college and one of the first effective fire departments. As a writer, his Poor Richard’s Almanac was a best-seller of its time. His inquiring mind led him to scientific experimentation; he was one of the first to study electricity. His inventions include bifocal spectacles, the Franklin stove and the lightning rod. Franklin was heavily involved in the movement for colonial independence. He was one of the signatories to the Declaration of Independence and served the new republic as Ambassador to France and its first Postmaster General. Franklin’s  image is on the US $100 bill.

St. John’s Lodge, Philadelphia


“We are all born ignorant, but one must work hard to remain stupid.”

“They who can give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety deserve neither liberty nor safety.”

“Any fool can criticize, condemn and complain – and most fools do.”